AngularJS Web Application Automation with Protractor Tool

21 May 2018
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AngularJS Web Application Automation with Protractor Tool

The dynamics of web development have changed over the years. The HTML single page coding with CSS styling is an obsolete method now. One of the open source front end web application framework is the JavaScript based AngularJS, which has been in the industry for around 6 years now.

  • What reason do we need Protractor Framework for?

Protractor is a node.js program that is used to write end-to-end test. The tests are written in javascript to simulate user stories on a web browser. Protractor is effectively built upon webdriver so a lot of stuff we do on protractor will seem very similar.

JavaScript is utilized as a part of all web applications. As the applications develop, JavaScript additionally increments in size and many-sided quality. In such case, it turns into a troublesome situation for Testers to test the web application for different situations.

In some cases, it is hard to catch the web components in AngularJS applications utilizing JUnit or Selenium WebDriver.
Protractor is a NodeJS program which is composed in JavaScript and keeps running with Node to recognize the web components in AngularJS applications, and it additionally utilizes WebDriver to control the program with client activities.

  • What reason wouldn’t bediscovered in Angular JS web components utilizing Normal Selenium Web driver?

Precise JS applications have some additional HTML properties like ng-repeater, ng-controller, ng-display and so on, which are excluded in Selenium locators. Selenium can’t recognize those web components utilizing Selenium code. Along these lines, Protractor on the highest point of Selenium can deal with and controls those qualities in Web Applications.

The protractor is a conclusion to end testing system for Angular JS based applications. While most structures center on leading unit tests for Angular JS applications, Protractor centers on testing the genuine usefulness of an application.

  • Before we start Protractor, we need to install the following:

Selenium

NPM (Node.js)

Protractor Installation

  1. Open command prompt and type “npm install –g protractor” and hit Enter.
  2. Check the installation and version using “Protractor –version.” If successful it will show the version as like in below screenshot. If not, perform the step 1 again.
  3. Update the Web driver.
    webdriver-manager update

    webdriver-manager start

    Now, if you go to the following URL (http://localhost:4444/wd/hub/static/resource/hub.html) in your browser, you will actually see the Web driver manager running in the background.
  • Sample AngularJS application testing using Protractor

Protractor needs two files to run, a spec file and configuration file.

Configuration file: This File helps protractor to where the test files are placed (specs.js) and to talk with Selenium server (Selenium Address). Chrome is the default browser for Protractor.

Spec file: This File contains the logic and locators to interact with the application.

Configuration file:

// An example configuration file.

exports.config = {

directConnect: true,

// Capabilities to be passed to the webdriver instance.

capabilities: {

‘browserName’: ‘firefox’

},

// Framework to use. Jasmine is recommended.

framework: ‘jasmine’,

// Spec patterns are relative to the current working directory when

// protractor is called.

specs: [‘Example_spec1.js’],

// Options to be passed to Jasmine.

jasmineNodeOpts: {

defaultTimeoutInterval: 30000

}

};

Spec file:(This is the sample script which is by default present in our directory)

describe(‘angularjs homepage’, function() {

it(‘should greet the named user’, function() {

browser.get(‘http://www.angularjs.org’);

element(by.model(‘yourName’)).sendKeys(‘Julie’);

var greeting = element(by.binding(‘yourName’));

expect(greeting.getText()).toEqual(‘Hello Julie!’);

});

describe(‘todo list’, function() {

vartodoList;

beforeEach(function() {

browser.get(‘http://www.angularjs.org’);

todoList = element.all(by.repeater(‘todo in todoList.todos’));

});

it(‘should list todos’, function() {

expect(todoList.count()).toEqual(2);

expect(todoList.get(1).getText()).toEqual(‘build an AngularJS app’);

});

it(‘should add a todo’, function() {

varaddTodo = element(by.model(‘todoList.todoText’));

varaddButton = element(by.css(‘[value=”add”]’));

addTodo.sendKeys(‘write a protractor test’);

addButton.click();

expect(todoList.count()).toEqual(3);

expect(todoList.get(2).getText()).toEqual(‘write a protractor test’);

});

});

});

  • Execution of the Code

To begin with, we will change the registry way or explore the envelope where the conf.js and spec.js are set in our framework.

Follow the following step.

  1. Open the command prompt.
  2. Make sure selenium web driver manager is up and running. For that give the command as “webdriver-manager start” and hit Enter.
  3. Open a new command prompt and give the command as “protractor conf.js” to run the configuration file.

(Reference link: https://docs.npmjs.com/)



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